Learning Theories

Learning Theories
Humanism
Behaviorism
Theory of Multiple Intelligences
Constructivism
origins
1960s
Early 1900s
1983

proponents / influences
Abraham Maslow, Carl Rogers, Malcolm Knowles
B.F. Skinner, Ivan Pavlov
Howard Gardner
Dewey, Vygotsky, Piaget
beliefs / characteristics
- The whole student, not just the student's intellect needs to be addressed.
- Learners need to have control over their learning process.
- Focuses on how outside stimuli influence learning.
- Behaviors are acquired through conditioning
- The traditional view of intelligence is too limited.
- There are eight different types of intelligence; linguistic intelligence, logical-mathematical intelligence, spatial intelligence, bodily-kinesthetic intelligence, musical intelligence, interpersonal intelligence, intrapersonal intelligence, naturalist intelligence.
- Students construct knowledge for themselves.
- Students learn though experience.